mardi 26 janvier 2021
Hockey sur glace
Hockey sur glace - Lexique Anglais/Anglais - Article du : 24/10/2009

The last two players to handle the puck prior to the scoring of that team’s goal are credited for assisting the goal scorer.

Two foot-wide lines marking the separation of the zones of play. The area from a blue line to the boards behind the goal is the “defensive end” for the team defending that goal, and the “offensive zone” for the team trying to score on that goal. The blue line is used to determine offside calls.

Hard plastic walls and glass that surround the rink to keep the puck and players contained.

An infraction or penalty called by the referee when a player has been bodychecked with excessive force into the boards by an opposing player. This can result in a two-, four- or five- minute penalty, depending on the severity of the infraction.

A tactic used by a player to physically remove an opponent from the puck or the play. A bodycheck is legal only if the player being checked has the puck or was the last person to touch it. The bodychecker may only use the hips or shoulder, and must make the hit above the opponent’s knees and below the neck.

A one-on-one scoring opportunity between one player with the puck and the opposing team’s goalkeeper.Butterfly Position
Used to cover a large area of the crease along the ice, the goalkeeper performs this position by dropping to his/her knees and pointing his/her toes outward to create a V-shape with the goal pads.

The player responsible for leading the line’s offence and taking faceoffs.

A penalty called by the referee when a player skates more than two strides in order to intentionally bodycheck another player.

Changing on the Fly
Substitution of players without a stoppage in play.

Clearing the Puck
To get the puck out of one’s own defensive zone.

The 6-foot semi-circle area directly in front of the goal. The goalie must be allowed to make plays and saves in this area without another player interfering.

An infraction or penalty called by the referee when a player hits an opponent with the shaft of the hockey stick with arms extended.

The two players on a team whose primary job is to protect their own net from being scored on. Also know as the defensive line or defensive pair.

An infraction or penalty called by the referee when a player checks an opponent using his/her arms or elbows instead of body.

At the beginning of each period and after any stoppage of play, the game resumes when the puck is dropped between two opposing players at one of the five faceoff circles or four blue-line spots on the ice, while the rest of the players position themselves around the faceoff pair.

An attempt to regain possession of the puck, forechecking involves aggressively checking the opponent when they have control of the puck in the neutral or defensive zone.

This player leads the offense, tries to capture the offensive zone and score, or passes off to an open winger or centre.

Hat Trick
Three goals scored by one player in a single game. A natural hat trick is scoring three goals consecutively without any other players scoring to in between.

High Sticking
An infraction or penalty called by the referee when a player uses their stick on and strikes an opponent above the waist with their stick.

An infraction or penalty called by the referee when a player uses their hands to grab an opposing player or his/her stick.

An infraction or penalty called by the referee when a player uses the blade or shaft of their stick to impede an opponent’s progress.

The act of intentionally sending the puck to the far end of the ice. The puck must be sent from the defensive end of centre ice and cross the goal line before a player on the opposing team has a reasonable chance to gain possession.

Ice Resurfacing Machine
A machine that cleans and smoothes the ice surface before and after the game, as well as in between periods.Interference
An infraction or penalty called by the referee when a player impedes an opposing player who does not have the puck.

Neutral Zone
The area of the ice surface between the two blue-lines.

Attacking players cannot legally enter the offensive zone ahead of the puck. If they do, the play is considered offside. The position of the player’s skates determines the offside. If the play is whistled down, a faceoff occurs at the place where the infraction occurred.

Occurs when a player meets a teammate’s pass with an immediate slapshot, without any attempt to control the puck on his stick.

Penalties are punishment for rule infractions.

Penalty Box
An area where a player sits to serve the time of a given penalty.

Penalty Killer
A player who minimizes the chances of the opposition scoring while on a power play. See power play

Penalty Shot
A shot of the puck awarded to a team when deprived of a clear scoring opportunity because of a foul committed by an opposing player. The penalty shot is one-on-one, goalie against shooter.

The three 20-minute segments that make up a hockey game. Periods are separated by two 15-minute intermissions.

Poke Check
A check in which a defender uses the blade of the hockey stick to push the puck away from the stick of an opponent.

Power Play
When one team is allowed to have more players on the ice than the opposition because of a penalty called against the opposing team.

A round piece of vulcanized rubber — three inches in diameter and one inch in height — used to play hockey. Pucks are frozen to reduce the bounce of the rubber.

Pulling the Goalie
In a last-ditch attempt to score (usually near the end of a game), a team trailing by one or two goals may take its goalkeeper off the ice and replace him/her with an extra skater.

Red line
The center line that divides the ice rink in half.

When a team is at a manpower disadvantage due to players serving penalties.

Travelling at speeds of more than 160 kilometres per hour, this is the fastest of all hockey shots. A player draw back his stick above the waist before slapping the puck with a hard, fast, slicing shot.

An infraction or penalty called by the referee when a player swings their stick in an attempt to hit an opponent. It is not necessary for contact to be made — the act of the slashing motion itself is a penalty.Spearing
An infraction or penalty called by the referee when a player jabs an opponent with the tip of the stick blade.Tripping
An infraction or penalty called by the referee when a player uses an arm, foot, leg or stick to knock down an opposing player.

A forward position of a player whose primary zone of play is along the outer playing area of the ice.

Wrist Shot
A highly accurate shot taken on goal that involves a quick flicking or snapping motion of the wrist in the direction the player wishes the shot to go.

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Résultats et Champions

La Coupe Stanley...le Saint-Graal du Hockey. La Stanley Cup est organisée par la  National Hockey League (NHL). C'est le plus prestigieux trophée du hockey sur glace, remis à l'équipe qui remporte chaque année à la fin de saison les séries éliminatoires. C'est l'une des plus anciennes et respectées compétitions sportives en Amérique du Nord. A l'origine, elle s'appelait la Dominion Hockey Challenge Cup. Tout a commencé le 18 mars 1892, lors d'un dîner à l'...
Créée en 2016 par les fédérations autrichienne, italienne et slovène, l'Alps Hockey League (Ligue de hockey des Alpes en français) est une compétion qui regroupe 17 équipes issues des nations de trois pays, l'Autriche (7 clubs), l'Italie (8 clubs) et la Slovénie (2 clubs). Format Les équipes se rencontrent en matchs aller et retour lors de la 1ere phase. Après la 30e journée le championnat est scindé en deux, les 6 premiers jouent en match aller et retour dans un mini championn...
La Ligue continentale de hockey (KHL), créée en 2008, est un championnat qui regroupe des équipes de Biélorussie (1 équipe), Croatie (1), Finlande (1), Kazakhstan (1), Lettonie (1), Russie (22), Slovaquie (1), et nouveauté en 2017, une équipe chinoise. Même si elle n'est pas organisée par la Fédération de Russie de hockey sur glace, elle a remplacé la Superliga russe. C'est une compétition de très haut niveau, le meilleur en Europe, et le deuxième au monde, derrière la NHL. Les...
Championnats de France élite (Ligue Magnus depuis 2004) a été fondé en 1904. Le premier club sacré champion de France a été le Club des patineurs de Paris. Le vainqueur reçoit depuis 1985 la Coupe Magnus (Louis Magnus 1881-1950, né en Jamaïque, champion de France de patinage artistique de 1908 à 1911, fondateur de la Ligue Internationale de Hockey, l'ancêtre de l'IIHF) et accède à la Coupe Continentale (Ligue des Champions). Depuis la saison 2016/2017, le championnat se dispute entre...
Le plus grand nombre de saisons jouées : 26 par Gordie Howe et Chris Chelios Le plus grand nombre de matches joués : 1 767 par Gordie Howe Le plus grand nombre de matches joués en une saison : 86 par Jimmy Carson en 1992/1993 et Bob Kudelski en 1993/1994  Le plus de matches joués consécutivement : 964 Doug Jarvis, Montréal et Washington, du 8 octobre 1975 au 10 octobre 1987 Plus vieux joueur à jouer un math :  Gordie Howe à 52 ans et 11 jours Le plus de buts en carrière : 894 par Wayne Gretzky ...
Palmarès principales nations de hockey sur glace hommes   Allemagne (anciennement RFA jusqu'en 1992) Sa première apparition aux Championnats du Monde date de 1928. Titres et médailles :  Médaille d'argent aux Jeux Olympiques en 2018. Médaille de bronze aux Jeux Olympiques en 1932 et 1976. Médaille d'argent aux Championnats du Monde en 1930 et 1953. Médaille de bronze aux Championnats du Monde en 1932 et 1934. 1ere du Championnat du Monde Groupe B en 1966 et 2000. 2eme du ...
Le Temple de la renommée du hockey se situe à Toronto dans la province de l'Ontario au Canada. La première série de joueurs de hockey sur glace a été admise au temple en 1945 sans que le temple ne possède un emplacement fixe. Les membres sont admis au titre de joueur ou personne qui a aidé à développer le hockey sur glace (builder ou bâtisseur). LES MEMBRES (la plupart de nationalité canadienne, 37 joueurs ou joueuses sont d'origine non-canadienne) 1945     Hobey Baker 1945    Charlie ...
L'un des meilleurs attaquants du monde. Ailier droit des Tampa Bay Lightning, vainqueur de la Stanley Cup en 2020 (en marquant 95 points dont 36 buts et 59 passes lors des play-offs, trois records de Tampa Bay). Il a raflé trois récompenses en NHL en 2019 : le trophée Hart (meilleur joueur de la saison), le trophée Art Ross (meilleur pointeur de la saison avec 128 points dont 41 buts et 87 passes, un record pour un joueur russe) et le trophée Ted Lindsay (meilleur joueur élu par ses pair...
LES LEADERS ANNUELS EN SAISON REGULIERE EN NHL     Meilleur pointeur (Trophée Art Ross)   Année Joueur, Equipe,                    Matches  Buts  Ass. Pts 1918 Joe Malone, Montréal 20 44 0 44 1919 Newsy Lalonde, Montréal 17 23 9 32 1920 Joe Malone, Québec 24 39 6 45 1921 Newsy Lalonde, Montréal 24 33 8 41 1922 Punch Broadbent, Ottawa 24 32 14 46 1923 Babe Dye, Toronto 22 26 11 37 1924 Cy Denneny, Ottawa 21 22 ...
Les joueurs à plus de 500 buts en carrière en saison régulière En gras, les joueurs encore activité    Joueur Buts Date du 500e but Equipe Matches 1 Wayne Gretzky 894 22-11-1986 Edmonton Oilers 1 487 2 Gordie Howe 801 14-03-1962 Detroit Red Wings 1 767 3 Jaromir Jagr 766 04-02-2003 Washington Capitals 1 733 4 Brett Hull 741 22-12-1996 St. Louis Blues 1 269 5 Marcel Dionne 731 14-12-1982 Los Angeles Kings 1 348...


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